Blood Pressure: Checked using a sphygmomanometer and stethoscope, these numbers are a key indicator of heart health.
Body Fat: Measuring body fat can help to differentiate between lean muscle and fat. Using skinfold calipers, measurements are taken at three sites on the body. Body fat can also be measured via a hand-held bioimpedance analyzer, which passes a low frequency electrical current through the body.
Body Mass Index (Height and Weight): Based on height and weight, this calculation is used to screen for weight categories that may lead to health problems.
Cardiorespiratory Fitness: Screening consists of stepping up and down on a 12-inch step for three minutes. Heart rate is checked at the radial artery after stepping to measure the participant’s recovery heart rate and fitness level.
Flexibility: Performed by having the participant reach forward on a sit-and-reach box. Measures flexibility of the hamstrings and low back.
Hips and Waist Circumference: With a tape measure, circumference measurements are done above the navel and at the widest part of the hips. These measurements can be used to assess risk for developing future health problems.
Muscular Endurance: Participants complete as many bent-leg sit-ups as they can in one minute to measure the endurance of the abdominal
Muscular Strength: Participants squeeze a hand dynamometer to measure static strength of the forearms, which correlates to total upper body strength.
Resting Heart Rate: Checked at the radial artery, this number may provide an indicator of overall physical fitness.